Everything You Need to Know About Epilepsy

Epilepsy also known as Seizure Disorder is common with over 200,000 cases being diagnosed in the US each year. Epilepsy cannot be cured, but treatment oftentimes does help. Epilepsy requires a diagnosis, and also often requires lab tests and imaging to confirm the results of the diagnosis. Epilepsy can be caused by several different factors including excessive and abnormal brain cell activity. Epilepsy may occur as a result from a genetic disorder, or an acquired brain injury from a traumatic injury or stroke. During a seizure, a person experiences abnormal behavior, symptoms, and sensations sometimes including a loss of consciousness. There are generally very few if any symptoms between seizures, but seizures can come on suddenly and unexpectedly at any time. Sometimes seizures only occur rarely or occasionally, but sometimes often as every few hours.

Epilepsy is usually treated by medications, and in some cases surgeries and medical devices or even dietary changes can help control symptoms. This helps people recover from the common fainting spells, and sometimes muscle convulsions and spasms that are common for people suffering from epilepsy. Many people suffering from epilepsy also experience anxiety, depression, headaches, sleepiness, staring spells, and temporary paralysis as part of their condition.

Neurologists, neurosurgeons, primary care providers (PCPs), and emergency doctor. Seizures are believed to be due to electrical abnormalities in the brain which have a profound effect on the person’s daily functioning due to the seizures they caused a person to suffer from. It is estimated that about 65 million people worldwide suffer from epileptic disorders, with over 3,000,000 of those people are in the US. About 1 in 26 Americans will endure some type of epilepsy in their lifetime. Between 4 and 10 of every 1,000 people in the US will suffer from chronic epileptic-type seizures at some point in their lifetimes. This comes out to about 150,000 new cases of epilepsy being diagnosed in the US annually. In the end, about 6 out of every 10 Americans don’t know where their epilepsy comes from.

Sometimes medications like sedatives or anticonvulsants help treat some cases of epilepsy. Others suffering from epilepsy have a brain procedure that requires them to have their corpus collosum clipped to help stop seizures from occurring. The corpus collosum is the bridge of nerve that connect the two hemispheres of the brain, but when that collosum is clipped it keeps messages from traveling from one side of the brain to the other, thus stopping the seizures. People generally can recover quite well from this procedure, and the younger the patient when this is done generally the better they are able to adapt. While they essentially have two separate halves to their brain, their body learns to compensate for one side acting on the part of the other, and it works out very well allowing many patients to live a more normal life.

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